Charles Arnoldi
Karel Apple
David Banks
Herbert Bayer
Hans Bellmer
Billy Al Bengston
Elizabeth Bergreen
Eugene Berman
Oscar Bluemner
Dorothy Brett
Nicholas Brigante
Annie W. Brigmann
Armando Britto
Nanette Calder
Camera Works
Marc Chagall
Robert Cremean
Jose Luis Cuevas
Jim Dine
Gordon Onslow Ford
Sam Francis
Charles Gesmar
Joe Goode
Sidney Gordin
Balcomb Greene
Gertrude Greene
Pier Guzzi
Roy Gussow
F. Benedict Herzog
Hilaire Hiler
David Octavius Hill
Carl Holty
Winslow Homer
John Hunter
Mike Kanemitsu
Gertrude Kasebier
Oskar Kokoschka
Lee Krasner
Robert Longo
Helen Lundeberg
Richard Lytle
John Mancini
Andre Masson
Henry Moore
Lee Mullican
Matt Mullican
Claes Oldenburg
Wolfgang Paalen
Pablo Palazuelo
Mexican Retablos
Jose de Rivera
James Rosenquist
Morgan Russell
Niki de Saint Phalle
Kurt Seligmann
Eduard Steichen
Theophile Alexandre Steinlen
Frank Stella
Alfred Stieglitz
Jack Stuppin
Mark Tobey
George C. Tooker, Jr.
Abraham Walkowitz
Tom Wesselmann
Clarence H. White


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Wolfgang Paalen
American, 1905-1959

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Wolfgang Paalen was born in Vienna in 1905. His father was a wealthy businessman, his mother an actress. He became a member of Abstraction–Création in 1934 and was involved with the Surindépendants in Paris from 1932 to 1935. He became a member of the Surrealist movement in 1935 and invented a technique of painting with a smoking candle called "Fumage".

In 1939 fleeing the Nazi uprising in Europe, he moved to Mexico City and together with many poets and intellectuals was greeted enthusiastically. Paalen was a creative artist, and eventually rejected official Surrealism, which he felt was oppressive. It was then that he began the concept of DYN.

He wrote about his liberation from the rigorous Surreal movement while in Mexico and published his magazine DYN. This magazine of opinion, poetry and fine art, also revealed the importance of "ethnic art." and native peoples. Like Jacob Bronowsky of the Salk Institute who succeeded him, he worked on the implications of poetry, science and painting.

By 1944, Paalen had produced 6 issues of DYN where he began the serious exploration of automatism and it's development into consciousness and the unconscious. His writings and paintings stirred up great interest by artists everywhere and are today, in the new millennium, being discussed and embraced by artists, scientists and poets. Paalen's movement called Dynaton holds an important niche in art history.

His work is shown, and is in the collections of major museums around the world.